As participants in the three cases weighed up their feelings about independence, some spoke of their doubts or fears about what this would mean for their country’s future.

Others spoke of their strong sense of identity and how this made them more supportive of independence.

In Wales, there was often a tension between these two views, a struggle between the head and the heart. 

This tension creates a lot of uncertainty in discussions about independence. It often leads participants to think that independence is not the answer.